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Our CPD days are organised by topic. The National Curriculum requirements are below, along with the resources we find useful / have developed for each topic.

Forces and magnets (Y3 & Y5)

Forces (Y3)

Pupils should be taught to:

  • compare how things move on different surfaces
  • notice that some forces need contact between 2 objects, but magnetic forces can act at a distance
  • observe how magnets attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others
  • compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of whether they are attracted to a magnet, and identify some magnetic materials
  • describe magnets as having 2 poles
  • predict whether 2 magnets will attract or repel each other, depending on which poles are facing

Forces (Y5)

Pupils should be taught to:

  • explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object
  • identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction, that act between moving surfaces
  • recognise that some mechanisms including levers, pulleys and gears allow a smaller force to have a greater effect

Light & sound (Y3, Y4 & Y6)

Light (Y3)

Pupils should be taught to:

  • recognise that they need light in order to see things and that dark is the absence of light
  • notice that light is reflected from surfaces
  • recognise that light from the sun can be dangerous and that there are ways to protect their eyes
  • recognise that shadows are formed when the light from a light source is blocked by an opaque object
  • find patterns in the way that the size of shadows change.

Sound (Y4)

Pupils should be taught to:

  • identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating
  • recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear
  • find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it
  • find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it
  • recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases.

Light (Y6)

Pupils should be taught to:

  • recognise that light appears to travel in straight lines
  • use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye
  • explain that we see things because light travels from light sources to our eyes or from light sources to objects and then to our eyes
  • use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain why shadows have the same shape as the objects that cast them.



Resource boxes


A resource box has been developed containing equipment, lesson planning resources and enrichment ideas for the teachers to take back to their schools. During the training day they had time to use these resources.


Here is a set of labels for the forces boxes with a list of the contents of each box, as well as pictures of all the equipment.

Here is a spreadsheet listing the resources in the forces box and where they were sourced.

These Y3 forces and Y5 forces key words can be adapted, printed and laminated for display or to use in sorting or writing tasks.


Here is a set of labels for the enrichment earth & space box, and here is a spreadsheet to show where they were sourced from.

Planning time

Time was also included in the training day for teachers to reflect on how they will use and disseminate what they learnt during the day.